Monday, July 3, 2017

Figure 23

© 2017 David E. Graves
The library of Celsus and Gate of Macaeus and Mithridates in Ephesus (modern Selcuk, Turkey). The library was built in honour of Roman Senator Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus and completed by his son in 135 AD. The library held 12,000 scrolls, but was destroyed by an earthquake with all of its contents in 262 AD. Note the aediculae (shrine niche) in the front of the building.

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Figure 173

Kunsthistorisches Museum (no. IX A 79) Photograph by James Steakley, PD Roman cameo of Gemma Augustea (AD 9–12). A depiction of Emperor...