Monday, July 3, 2017

Figure 23

© 2017 David E. Graves
The library of Celsus and Gate of Macaeus and Mithridates in Ephesus (modern Selcuk, Turkey). The library was built in honour of Roman Senator Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus and completed by his son in 135 AD. The library held 12,000 scrolls, but was destroyed by an earthquake with all of its contents in 262 AD. Note the aediculae (shrine niche) in the front of the building.

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Figure 76

© Bertolami Fine Arts (Photographs courtesy of Andrea Pancotti) Bone or ivory tesserae ( tesserae nummulariae ) seals which were attach...