Wednesday, July 26, 2017

Figure 76

© Bertolami Fine Arts (Photographs courtesy of Andrea Pancotti)
Bone or ivory tesserae (tesserae nummulariae) seals which were attached to a coin bags (folles), certifying that the coins within were of the right number and genuine, by a mint official called a nummularius.

Figure 75

The left is a small white tessera (mosaic tile). To the right is a replica of an ivory or bone token (tessara theatralis) used as a theater ticket for entrance into special events. The token would have various images or writing depending on the performance.

Figure 74

Ostracon found at Masada bearing the name “ben Yair” which could be short for Eleazar ben Ya’ir, the leader of the Zealots at Masada.

Figure 73

Artist’s depiction of the high priest with the breastplate over the ephod and Aaron’s rod that budded.

Figure 72

Drawing of the opening section of the Balaam text from Tell Deir ‘Alla.
Balaam text (“Balaam, the son of Beor; a divine seer is he,”) from Tell Deir ‘Alla, ca. 700 BC. The writing appears to be laid out as a column of a scroll. The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies describes it as “the oldest example of a book in a West Semitic language written with the alphabet, and the oldest piece of Aramaic literature.”  Allan Millard. “Authors, Books and Readers in the Ancient World.” In J. W. Rogerson, and Judith M. Lieu. The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies (Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2006), 554. ISBN 978-0199254255. See Also Livias.org

Thursday, July 6, 2017

Figure 71

Archaeological Museum of Epidaurus, Greece
© Photo Michael F. Mehnert
Statue of Asclepius, exhibited in the Museum of Epidaurus Theater.

Figure 70

© 2017 David E. Graves
Column in the courtyard of the entrance (propylon) of the Asclepion (hospital), from the lower site of Pergamum, decorated with three symbols of health: snakes, olive branches, and the wheel of life. Snakes were worshiped in the cult of Asclepius, the god of healing. The way serpents shed their skins to renew themselves became a symbol of new life. John stated that Satan lived in Pergamum, and some believe that this is one of the local references. The symbol of the intertwined snakes still decorates medical emblems today

Figure 76

© Bertolami Fine Arts (Photographs courtesy of Andrea Pancotti) Bone or ivory tesserae ( tesserae nummulariae ) seals which were attach...